Throughout year 5 and year 6, children will write narratives which describe settings, characters and atmosphere.
Children will develop their grammatical knowledge further whilst learning how to use brackets, dashes or commas to indicate parenthesis, how to use hyphens to avoid ambiguity and how to use semicolons, colons and dashes to mark boundaries between independent clauses.
During the two years in Upper Key Stage 2 (year 5 and year 6), children will have to give reasons to justify their opinion on what they have read, be able to discuss how authors use language, structure and presentation to contribute to meaning as well as read from a range of modern fiction, fiction from literary heritage and books from other cultures and traditions.
Mathematics teaching in Upper Key Stage 2 is to ensure that pupils extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers. This should develop the connections that pupils make between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio.
Pupils will continue to develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including increasingly complex properties of numbers, arithmetic, and problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation. With this foundation in arithmetic, pupils are introduced to the language of algebra as a means for solving a variety of problems. Teaching in geometry and measures should consolidate and extend knowledge developed in number. Teaching will ensure that pupils classify shapes with increasingly complex geometric properties and will learn the vocabulary they need to describe them.
By the end of year 6, pupils should be fluent in written methods for all four operations, including long multiplication and division, and in working with fractions, decimals and percentages.
Pupils should read, spell and pronounce mathematical vocabulary correctly.
During key stage 2 pupils learn about a wider range of living things, materials and phenomena.
They begin to make links between ideas and to explain things using simple models and theories. They apply their knowledge and understanding of scientific ideas to familiar phenomena, everyday things and their personal health. They begin to think about the positive and negative effects of scientific and technological developments on the environment and in other contexts. They carry out more systematic investigations, working on their own and with others. They use a range of reference sources in their work. They talk about their work and its significance, and communicate ideas using a wide range of scientific language, conventional diagrams, charts and graphs.
The science key stage 2 curriculum consists of:
- Sc1 Scientific enquiry
- Sc2 Life processes and living things
- Sc3 Materials and their properties
- Sc4 Physical processes
- breadth of study